Lindores Abbey Distillery

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From Barley to Bottle

During our distillery tours we are asked lots of questions about making whisky at Lindores Abbey Distillery, what we use, how long it takes and what will make our whisky different from everyone else’s. Now, we aren’t going to give any trade secrets away but we are going to explain the 5 parts of our whisky making process for you!

There are 5 parts in the process of making whisky at Lindores Abbey Distillery – from barley to bottle.

Local-barley
Local barley grown on the land that originally belonged to the abbey

 

Milling

Our aim has always been to use local malt and we are delighted to have now secured all production for 2020 to use local barley from fields that would have originally have been abbey lands.

Barley is sown in the Spring and harvested in the late Summer.

28 tonne loads are delivered every 3 and a half weeks to us at the distillery.

We mill the malt ourselves on site to our own specifications.

Any draff [1] left over gets sent to feed the cattle on the farm from where our barley is grown, so it all goes full circle!

 

Lorry-unloading-the-Malt
Lorry unloading the Malt
grist-going-up-to-the-grsit-bin-part-of-milling-process
Grist going up to the grist bin which is part of the milling process

How-the-grist-is-broken-up-the-flour-the-grits-and-the-husks

How the grist is broken up – the flour, the grits and the husks

Mashing

The process is mashing is a bit like making a huge vat of porridge, and getting to the sugars that we need for making whisky.

We mash 4 times per week and produce 9,500 litres of wort[2] per mash.

The aim is to get a clear wort. To help with that we use vorlauf pipework.

9,500 litres at a time then gets pumped to the washbacks.

We use traditional wooden washback’s, rather than metal ones, here at Lindores as we believe they impart more flavour to our spirit.

Cleanliness is very important for the washbacks, so we always steam clean them before filling and after emptying to kill off any unwanted fauna.

 

cleaning-the-paddle
Cleaning the paddle
inside-of-an-empty-clean-washback
Inside of an empty clean washback
inside-of-the-mash
Inside the mash
Steaming
Steaming the washback
washback-getting-steam-cleaned-before-filling
Washbacks getting steam cleaned before filling
Washbacks
Washbacks
vorlauf pipework
Vorlauf pipework allows us to check the clarity of the wort before it is pumped back to the washback

Fermentation

Fermentation happens in the washbacks. We add in yeast at around 32 degrees C as we believe this is a good temperature to help us get the fruity character we are looking for.

Research was done with the help of a well-known Japanese distillery to help us decide on that temperature.

We then cool down the wort to 18 degrees C, and are left with 9,500 litres of wort.

We allow this to ferment for 96-114 hours as we believe that longer fermentation allows for the esters to develop both character and flavour. Ester is a chemical compound.

 

putting-the-yeast-into-the-washback
Putting the yeast into the washback
wort-in-the-washback
Wort in the washback
the-yeast-on-top-of-the-wort-starting-to-work
The yeast on the top of the wort starting to work
Checking gravity figures in the washbacks
Checking gravity figures in the washbacks
wooden washbacks
Wooden washbacks

Distillation

The first distillation happens in the wash still (she is called Dodo after Drew’s Mother) and takes a 9,500 litre charge. She is the largest still in the corner of the distillery overlooking the abbey grounds.

Copper stills are used for 2 reasons, one because copper is a soft malleable metal so is easy to shape, and copper helps strip out the heavy sulphurs and compounds in the spirit.

We run the stills slow and we use twin spirit stills to give a higher ratio of spirit to copper contact which in turn leads to a lighter spirit.

Steam is applied and normally within 45 minutes the temperature gets up to 95 degrees C and that’s when we start to see frothing at the windows.

When we see that the distillery operator will knock off the steam to the still. He will let it rest for 15 minutes then after that slowly start to apply steam again. This is a skilled process that you learn over years of distilling and is all done by “feel” and experience.

We then leave the heat at a constant pressure until the end of the run.

The low wines[3] (or clear liquid) that first come into the safe from the still have got a very tropical nose with touches of pineapple, pear, coconut or mango.

This liquid then goes into the low wines and feints tank where it meets with the feints[4] and foreshots[5] from the previous distillation run.

This is used to charge the spirit stills on the next run. These stills are called Poppy and Gee after Drew and Helen’s daughters.

Both Poppy and Gee take 3,500 litre charges at the same time. After approximately 40 minutes spirit starts to go into the safe.

This is known as the foreshots. We normally take the first cut at 20 minutes, but if the demisting test is clear before that, we take the cut then.

We start the middle cut at around 75% strength. This will run for approximately 90 minutes where we will come off the cut at 67% strength. That is as low as we will go! Below that the feints become too powerful.

We then continue to run the feints, driving the condensers slightly hotter at the end of the run to clear them out for the next distillation.

The character of the spirit is very fruity, with a touch of apples and dark fruits at the high end of the strength. In the high to middle cut we are getting a raspberry ripple scent, and the middle strength is sweeter, with caramel and butterscotch elements. The lower end is malty with a more cereal sense.

We normally collect 3,200 litres of pure alcohol per week.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Copper stills

The Copper stills at Lindores Abbey Distillery

spirit-safe
The spirit safe
Mash-tun-door
Mash tun door
Lewsi-controlling-the-hot-liquor-temp-during-mashing
Lewis controlling the hot liquor temperature during mashing
Lewis-inspecting-the-level-in-the-underback-during-the-mashing
Lewis inspecting the level in the underback during mashing
Forsyths-man-doors
Forsyths man doors
rest-period-after-mashing-in
Rest period after mashing in
mashing-in
Mashing in

 

 

Maturation

All our cask filling is done on site here at Lindores. We fill our casks at 63.5% strength.

We fill approximately 26 casks per week, by weighing the cask before filling it and then again when it is fully filled up.

We have 3 staple casks that we fill – Old Forrester Bourbons, Sherry butts and STR’s from Miguel Martin in Spain. However, what makes us unusual amongst other distilleries is that we have full autonomy to fill a wide selection of other unusual casks that allow us to then experiment with flavour, character and tasting profile. These include Firkin Ex R Wine Charred, Ex R Wine Charred, Sherry Firkin, Ex Bourbon Firkin, Sherry, Bourbon Quarter Cask, Refill Quarter Cask, Peated Refill Quarter Cask, Peated Refill ASB, Bourbon Hogshead, Refill Sherry Hogshead, 2nd Refill Sherry Hogshead, Refill Whisky Butt, Refill Whisky Puncheon, Oloroso Sherry Butt and Port Pipes.

Our casks are then matured on site in our bonded warehouse or taken to mature elsewhere, as our warehouse is not currently big enough to store all the casks.

Casks will be maturing for 3 years and a day and it can then be called Scotch Whisky.

We have already started sampling to see which ones are working so we can adapt our own maturation policy to fall in line with what we believe will give the best example of a Lindores Abbey Single Malt Whisky.

We are already planning 1 years ahead both in terms of what we will be filling and what we will bottle.

We expect there to be a maximum of 4-5 expressions with the hope of 2 special releases every year, which our Master Blender will select.

We also are also hoping in the future to bottle single casks on site and offer distillery only bottlings.

cask-samples
Cask samples from Lindores Abbey
Cask-filling
Cask filling
putting-new-make-spirit-into-the-cask
Putting New Make spirit inot the cask
removing-the-bung-with-the-bung-puller-just-before-filling-or-for-taking-samples
Removing the bung with the bung puller just before filling or for taking cask samples
colin-cask-filling
Colin filling up the casks
Casks-in-warehouse
Casks in the warehouse at Lindores Abbey Distillery
Casks-in-warehouse
Whisky casks at Lindores Abbey Distillery
Whisky cask at Lindores Abbey Distillery
Whisky cask at Lindores Abbey Distillery
Dunnage
Dunnage whisky cask storage
Founders-Cask
The Founders Cask at Lindores Abbey Distillery
hammering-the-bung-home-with-a-bung-flogger
Hammering the bung home with a bung flogger
marking-up-the-private-casks
Marking up a private cask
Dunnage-casks
Dunnage cask
bung-puller
Bung puller
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FOOTNOTES:

[1] Draff is the spent grain left in the mash-tun after the liquor, wort, has been drawn off.

[2] Wort is the liquid drawn off the mash-tun in which the malted and unmalted cereals have been mashed with warm water. Wort contains all the sugars of the malt and certain secondary constituents.

[3] Low wines = It is the distillate derived from the wash and contains all the alcohol and secondary constituents and some water. It forms the raw material of the second distillation, which is carried out in the Spirit Still. The feints and foreshots are added to the low wines when the spirit still is charged.

[4] Feints is the name given to the third fraction of the distillate received from the second distillation in the pot still process. They are returned with the foreshots to the Spirit Still when it is recharged with low wines.

[5] Foreshots is the term applied to the first fraction of the distillate received during the distillation of the low wines in the spirit still used in the pot still process of manufacture. They form the first raw runnings of this second distillation and their collection is terminated by the judgement of the stillman. The following fraction of the distillate is the potable spirit. The foreshots are returned to the still, together with the feints

 

Beautiful 📷 by @grantsojourner

 

AND A BIG THANK YOU TO GARY, COLIN, DAVE AND LEWIS OF THE DISTILLERY TEAM FOR TAKING THEIR TIME TO TALK THROUGH THE PROCESS AND LET US TAKE PHOTOS OF THEM!


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